Synopsis of the De immortalitate animae (by the transl. of G. Watson)

§ 1. The human soul lives for ever, because it is in the soul that a discipline is found
§ 2. A discipline could not belong to the soul if the soul were a harmony of the body. The soul is reason, or reason is in it, and therefore the soul lives for ever
§ 3-4. Not everything which moves is changed, but only a living reality can move without being changed. Intention can cause change without itself being changed
§ 5. The perpetuity of disciplines guarantees immortality of the soul
§ 6. The soul possesses truths (e.g., of mathematics) even unconsciously, and these are immortal
§ 7. Kinds of change in the soul
§ 8-9. In the soul as in other subjects there can be accidental changes without substantial change
§ 10. Meaning of “ratio”
§ 11. “Ratio” and soul are inseparable, and so soul is immortal
§ 12. Turning from ratio is a diminution. But a body may be infinitely lessened and not reach nothingness. Much more so, the, the soul.
§ 13. Being and “species”, form, beauty.
§ 14-15. No thing makes itself. What is not made and nevertheless exists is eternal. An incorporeal force holds the universe together.
§ 16. The soul is life and therefore cannot die.
§ 17. The soul is not a blending of elements in the body, as is shown by its contemplation of the intelligibles
§ 18. The soul cannot perish by lessening and it cannot perish through falsity
§ 19. The soul cannot perish through truly being
§ 20. The soul will not change into body because a) the soul does not wish it
§ 21. b) The soul cannot be forced to be a body by a body
§ 22. c) The soul cannot be forced to be a body by a soul in an animated body
§ 23. d) The soul cannot be forced to be a body by sleep
§ 24. e) The soul cannot be forced to be a body, because the body receives its form through the soul
§ 25. f) The soul cannot be changed into an irrational soul. Forms transmitted from above. Soul distinguished from extended body

Augustine’s Immortality of the Soul

Augustine, De immortalitate animaeについてさしあたって作成した文献表をアップロード。これではまだ充分でないので、修正、補訂をする必要がある。表記については、あとのことを考えてイタリック体を省略。

  • Texts and translations (chronological)
    1. Augustine: Concerning the teacher (De magistro) and On the immortality of the soul (De immortalitate animae), trans. G. G. Leckie (New York: Appleton-Century, 1938).
    2. FaCh 4
    3. Oeuvres de saint Augustin, vol. 5. Dialogues philosophiques, II. Dieu et l’âme: Soliloquia – De immortalitate animae – De quantitate animae, ed. and trans. P. de Labriolle (Paris: Desclée de Brouwer 1948).
    4. Aurelius Augustinus: Selbstgespräche über Gott und die Unsterblichkeit der Seele, trans. Hans-Peter Müller Harald Fuchs, Die Bibliothek der Alten Welt, Reihe Antike und Christentum 2 (Zürich-Stuttgart: Artemis, 1954).
    5. NBA 3
    6. De immortalitate animae of Augustine, ed. & trans. C. W. Wolfskeel (Amsterdam: B. R. Grüner, 1977).
    7. Michèle Pépin, Augustin d’Hippone: De immortalitate animae, Thèse de 3e cycle (Université de Paris, Paris, 1984). 408 p.
    8. Sancti Aureli Augustini Opera, ed. W. Hörmann, CSEL 89 (Wien 1986) 101-128.
    9. Saint Augustine, Soliloquies and Immortality of the Soul, trans. G. Watson (Warminster 1990).
    10. Saint Augustin, Les Confessions précédées de Dialogues philosophiques Œuvres, I, ed. L. Jerphagnon (Paris 1998): trans. S. Dupuy-Trudelle, 253-273.
    11. De immortalitate animae – L’immortalità dell’anima, Testo Latino-Italiano, ed. and trans. Giuseppe Balido (Napoli: Editrice Domenicana Italiana, 2010). 223 p.
  • Secondary literatures (alphabetical)
    1. Acworth, Richard, “Two Studies of St. Augustine’s Thought (2.) St. Augustine and the Teleological Argument for the Immortality of the Soul”, The Downside Review 75 (1957) 215-221.
    2. Balido, Giuseppe, “Sul de immortalitate animae di Agostino”, in: Gaetano di Palma, ed., Deum et animam scire cupio. Agostino alla ricerca de vero su Dio e l’uomo, Biblioteca teologica napoletana 30 (Napoli: Pontificia Facoltà Teologica dell’Italia meridionale, 2010) 141-162.
    3. Cutino, Michele, “Felicità terrena ed immortalità nell’Hertensius ciceroniano ed in Agostino”, Sileno 22 (1996) 69-80.
    4. De Capitani, Franco, “Platone, Plotino, Porfirio e S. Agostino sull’immortalità dell’anima intesa come vita (Phaed. 102a ss.; Enn. IV, 7, 11; .z. apud Nem.Em., De nat.hom. 3, ed. Dörrie, p. 58; De imm. IX, 16/De Trin. X, 7, 9)”, Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 76 (1985) 230-244.
    5. Dörrie, Heinrich, Porphyrios’ “Symmikta Zetemata” Ihre Stellung in System und Geschichte des Neuplatonisumu nebst enem Kommentaru zu den Fragmenten (Münche 1959).
    6. Doucet, Dominique, “Soliloques II, 13, 23, et les magni philosophi”, Revue des études augustiniennes 39 (1993) 109-128.
    7. Drecoll, Volker Henning, “Immortalitate animae (De -)”, in: Augustinus-Lexikon 3 (Basel: Schwabe, 2004-10) 530-535.
    8. Du Roy, Olivier, L’intelligence de la foi en la Trinité selon saint Augustin: Genèse de sa théologie trinitaire jusqu’en 391 (Paris 1966).
    9. Flórez, Ramiro, “Muerte e inmortalidad en el pensamiento de San Agustín”, La Viudad de Dios 174 (1961) 449-482.
    10. Giovanni, Alberto di, Verità, parola, immortalità in sant’Agostino (Palermo, 1979).
    11. Madec, Goulven, “Le spiritualisme augustinien à la lumière du ‘De immortalitate animae’”, L’opera letteraria di Agostino tra Cassiciacum e Milano. Agostino nelle terre di Ambrogio (Palermo 1987) 179-190 = G. Madec, Petites Etudes Augustiniennes. Études Augustiniennes, série antiquité 142 (Paris 1994) 109-115.
    12. Mourant, John A., Augustine on Immortality, The Saint Augustine Lecture 1968 (Villanova 1969).
    13. Mourant, John A., “Remarks on the De Immortalitate Animae”, Augustinian Studies 2 (1971) 213-217.
    14. Nakagawa, Sumio. [中川純男『存在と知 アウグスティヌス研究』(東京, 2000)].
    15. O’Connell, Robert J., St. Augustine’s Early Theory of Man, A.D.386-391 (Cambridge, Ma. 1968).
    16. Paletta, John, “De ordo sapientiae: Augustine’s program for philosophical study in his early works”, Augustiniana 61 (2011) 55-74.
    17. Penaskovic, Richard, “An Analysis of St. Augustine’s ‘De Immortalitate Animae’”, Augustinian Studies 11 (1980) 167-176.
    18. Pépin, Jean, “Une nouvelle source de saint Augustin: le zêthma de Porphyre sur l’union de l’âme et du corps”, Revue des études anciennes 66 (1964) 53-107 = Ex platonicorum persona. Études sur les lectures philosophiques de saint Augustin (Amsterdam 1977) 213-267.
    19. Schneider, Rudolf, Seele und Sein: Ontologie bei Augustin und Aristoteles (Stuttgard 1957).
    20. Van Fleteren, Frederick, “Immortalitas”, in: Augustinus-Lexikon 3 (Basel: Schwabe, 2004-10) 525-529.
    21. Verbeke, Gérard, L’Évolution de la doctrine du pneuma du stoïcisme: Étude philosophique (Paris-Louvain 1945).
    22. Verbeke, Gérard, ‘Spiritualité et immortalité de l’âme chez saint Augustin’, Augustinus Magister 2 (Paris 1954) 329-334.
    23. Wolfskeel, Cornelia W., “Ist Augustin in De immortalitate animae von der gedankenwelt des Porhyrios beeinflusst worden?”, Vigiliae Christianae 26 (1972) 130-145.
    24. Wolfskeel, Cornelia W., “Augustin über die Weltseele in der Schrift—De immortalitate animae”, Theta-pi 1 (1972) 81-103.
    25. Zum Brunn, Emilie, “Le dilemme de l’être et du néant chez saint Augustin: des premiers dialogues aux ‘Confessions’”, Recherches Augustiniennes 6 (1969) 3-102.

Psycology and Augustine's City of God

Boston College の Dr. Sarah Byers の論考の所在について教示される。これは、古代の魂論を考えるための手助けになると思う。それに、The Cambridge Critical Guide to the City of God にも気づいていなかったので、こちらの TOC を忘れぬように転載する。

  • Perception, Sensibility, and Moral Motivation in Augustine (CUP, 2012).
  • “The Psychology of Compassion: A Reading of City of God 9.5” in: The Cambridge Critical Guide to the City of God (CUP, 2012).
  • “Augustine and the Philosophers,” Blackwell Companion to Augustine, ed. M. Vessey (Blackwell, 2012).
  • “Life as ‘Self-Motion’: Descartes and the Aristotelians on the Soul as the Life of the Body,” Review of Metaphysics 59.4 (2006) 723-55.
  • “The Meaning of Voluntas in Augustine,” Augustinian Studies 37.2 (2006) 171-89.
  • “Augustine and the Cognitive Cause of Stoic ‘Preliminary Passions’ (Propatheiai),” Journal of the History of Philosophy XLI.4 (2003) 433-48.

Augustine’s City of God: A Critical Guide, ed. James Wetzel, Cambridge Critical Guides (Cambridge 2012). 277pages.

  • James Wetzel, ‘Introduction: a tangle of two cities’
  • 1. Mark Vessey, ‘The history of the book: Augustine’s City of God and post-Roman cultural memory’
  • 2. Paul Griffiths, ‘Secularity and the Saeculum’
  • 3. Peter Iver Kaufman, ‘Dystopia: Augustine’s city of Gaud’
  • 4. John Cavadini, ‘It’s a matter of worship: ideology and solidarity’
  • 5. Eric Gregory, ‘The politics of love’
  • 6. Margaret Miles, ‘From rape to resurrection: sin, sexual difference, and politics’
  • 7. Jennifer Herdt, ‘The theatre of the virtues: Augustine’s critique of Pagan mimesis’
  • 8. Sarah Byers, ‘The psychology of compassion: a reading of City of God 9.5’
  • 9. Nicholas Wolterstorff, ‘Augustine’s rejection of eudaimonism’
  • 10. James Wetzel, ‘Augustine on the origin of evil: myth and metaphysics’
  • 11. John Bowlin, ‘Hell and the dilemmas of intractable alienation’
  • 12. Barry David, ‘Divine providence and confession’
  • 13. John Rist, ‘On the nature and worth of Christian philosophy’
  • 14. Bonnie Kent, ‘Reinventing Augustine’s ethics: the afterlife of City of God’