Victorinus of Poetovio

Victorinus, who dies a martyr probably in 304 C.E., was bishop of Poetovio (modern Ptuj, Slovenia), in Pannonia Superior, a flourishing Roman city where the amber traffic from the Baltic reached the Danube Valley. Though he possible received a Greek education, he wrote the very first exegetical commentaries known in Latin. He may have “missed the cycle of classical studies, as Jerome suggests (licet desit eruditio). He rather enjoyed an education of a Semitic type, possibly through a church tradition linked with a Judaeo-Christian milieu, the hexameral tradition of the past to which he alludes when describing the literary genre of his work” (M. Dulaey, 32). (Charles Kannengiesser, Handbook of Patristic Exegesis, vol. I, The Bible in Ancient Christianity 1 (Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2004) 637. See also J. Quasten, Patrology, vol. 3 (Notre Dame IN: Christian Classics, 1983) 411-413.)

Works

  • [Clavis 79] Tractatus de fabrica mundi
    • Edition: CSEL 49 (ed. J. Haussleiter; 1916) 3-9. — Victorin de Poetovio, Sur l’apocalypse: suivi de, Fragment chronologique et de La construction du monde, SC 423 (ed. M. Dulaey; 1997).
    • Translation: Dulaey, above. — Passioni e atti dei martiri, Scrittori della chiesa di Aquileia 2 (trans. M. Poncina; Roma: Città nuova, 2002).
  • [Clavis 80] Commentarii in Apocalypsim Ioannis
    • Edition: CSEL 49 (ed. J. Haussleiter; 1916) 11-154. — Victorin de Poetovio, Sur l’apocalypse: suivi de, Fragment chronologique et de La construction du monde, SC 423 (ed. M. Dulaey; 1997).
    • Translation: The Ante-Nicene Fathers 7 (trans. R.E. Wallis; 1886) 344-360. — Dulaey, above. — Passioni e atti dei martiri, Scrittori della chiesa di Aquileia 2 (trans. M. Poncina; Roma: Città nuova, 2002).
  • [Clavis 81] De decem uirginibus
    • Edition: Patrologiae Latinae Supplementum 1 (ed. A. Wilmart) 172-174. — Passioni e atti dei martiri, Scrittori della chiesa di Aquileia 2 (ed. M. Poncina; Roma: Città nuova, 2002).
  • [Clavis 82] In Genesin «Factum est uespere et mane, dies unus» dubia
  • [Clavis 83] Ad Iustinum Manichaeum dubia
  • [Clavis 34] Aduersus omnes haereses Tertullian’s spurious work. It was mentioned by Optatus of Milevis ca. 364, and which is believed to have been translated from Greek by Victorinus.
    • Edition: CSEL 47 (ed. A. Kroymann; 1906) 213-226. = CCL, 2 (1954) 1401-10.

Secondary references

  • L. Bieler, ‘The “creeds” of St. Victorinus and St. Patrick’, Theological studies 9 (1948) 121-124.
  • C. Hanson, ‘The Rule of Faith of Victorinus and of Patrick’, in: J. J. O’Meara and B. Naumann (eds.), Latin Script and Letters A.D. 400-900: Festschrift presented to Ludwig Bieler on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday (Leiden: Brill, 1976) 25-36.
  • A. Wlosok, ‘Victorinus von Pettau’, in: R. Herzog and P. L. Schmidt (eds.), Handbuch der lateinischen Literatur der Antike, vol. 5, Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft 8.5 (München: Beck, 1989) 410 sqq.
  • M. Dulaey, Victorin de Poetovio, premier exégète latin, 2 vols, Collection des études augustiniennes: Série Antiquité 139-140 (Paris: Institut d’études augustiniennes, 1993).

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